வாரம் ஒரு கவிதை ….” கண்டெடுப்பின் காலக் குறிப்புகள் “

கண்டெடுப்பின் காலக்  குறிப்புகள்
=================================
கடலில் மட்டும் முத்துக்கள் இல்லை
இந்த மண்ணின் அடியிலும் புதைந்து
கிடக்குது நம் முன்னோர் வடிவமைத்த
நகரமும் கோயிலும் அழகு சிற்பங்களுடன்
காலத்தால் அழியாத அடையாள சின்னமாய் !
எந்த தொழில் நுட்பம்   இருந்தது நம் முன்னோருக்கு
அன்று ? ஆண்டுகள் பல கடந்தும் அவர் பேர்
சொல்லுதே இன்னும் !
கணிணி யுகத்தில் வாழும் நாம்  முறையாக
பதிவு செய்ய வேண்டும் நம் நாட்டின்
அருமை பெருமையை ஒரு பொக்கிஷமாக !
விட்டு செல்ல வேண்டும் நம் பெயர் சொல்லும்
பாத சுவடுகளை இனி வரும் தலை முறை
பின் தொடர்ந்து நடக்க !
இனம் மதம் மொழி தாண்டி நாம் இன்று
பதிக்கும் பாத சுவடு கல்லில் வடித்த சிற்பமாய்
அடையாளம் காட்டும் நம் புனித மண்ணை
ஒரு புதிய பூமியாக என்றென்றும் !
K.Natarajan   in http://www.dinamani.com dated  01/06/2019
01/06/2019
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Meaning of 60 Tamil NewYear Names …

One vattam is made of 60 years. After every sixty years, the years are repeated, as we do in months and weeks. The 60 years are as follows

1 Prabhava(Sanskrit)

நற்றோன்றல் Nantrontral (Tamil) 1987–1988

2 Vibhava(Sanskrit)

உயர்தோன்றல் Uyarthontral(Tamil) 1988-1989

3 Sukla(Sanskrit)

வெள்ளொளி Velouli(Tamil) 1989-1990

4 Pramodoota(Sanskrit)

பேருவகை Peruvagai(Tamil) 1990-1991

5 Prachorpaththi(Sanskrit)

மக்கட்செல்வம் Makkatchelvam(Tamil) 1991-1992

6 Aangirasa(Sanskrit)

அயல்முனி Ayalmuni(Tamil) 1992-1993

7 Srimukha(Sanskrit)

திருமுகம் Thirumugam(Tamil) 1993-1994

8 Bhava(Sanskrit)

தோற்றம் Thotrram(Tamil) 1994-1995

9 Yuva(Sanskrit)

இளமை Ilamai(Tamil) 1995-1996

10 Dhaatu(Sanskrit)

மாழை Maazhai(Tamil) 1996-1997

11 Eesvara(Sanskrit)

ஈச்சுரம் Eechchuram(Tamil) 1997-1998

12 Bahudhanya(Sanskrit)

கூலவளம் Kulavalam(Tamil) 1998-1999

13 Pramathi(Sanskrit)

முன்மை Munmai(Tamil) 1999-2000

14 Vikrama(Sanskrit)

நேர்நிரல் Nerniral(Tamil) 2000-2001

15 Vishu(Sanskrit)

விளைபயன் Vilaipayan(Tamil) 2001-2002

16 Chitrabaanu(Sanskrit)

ஓவியக்கதிர் Oviyakathir(Tamil) 2002-2003

17 Subhaanu(Sanskrit)

நற்கதிர் Narkathir(Tamil) 2003-2004

18 Dhaarana(Sanskrit)

தாங்கெழில் Thaangkezhil(Tamil) 2004-2005

19 Paarthiba(Sanskrit)

நிலவரையன் Nilvaraiyan(Tamil) 2005-2006

20 Viya(Sanskrit)

விரிமாண்பு Virimaanbu(Tamil) 2006-2007

21 Sarvajith(Sanskrit)

முற்றறிவு Mutrarivu(Tamil) 2007-2008

22 Sarvadhari(Sanskrit)

முழுநிறைவு Muzhuniraivu(Tamil) 2008-2009

23 Virodhi(Sanskrit)

தீர்பகை Theerpagai(Tamil) 2009-2010

24 Vikruthi(Sanskrit)

வளமாற்றம் Valmattram(Tamil) 2010-2011

25 Kara(Sanskrit)

செய்நேர்த்தி Seinerththi(Tamil) 2011-2012

26 Nandhana(Sanskrit)

நற்குழவி Narkuzhavi(Tamil) 2012-2013

27 Vijaya(Sanskrit)

உயர்வாகை Uyarvaagai(Tamil) 2013-2014

28 Jaya(Sanskrit)

வாகை Vaagai(Tamil) 2014-2015

29 Manmatha(Sanskrit)

காதன்மை Kathanmai(Tamil) 2015-2016

30 Dhunmuki(Sanskrit)

வெம்முகம் Vemmugam(Tamil) 2016-2017

31 Hevilambi(Sanskrit)

பொற்றடை Potradai(Tamil) 2017-2018

32 Vilambi(Sanskrit)

அட்டி Atti(Tamil) 2018-2019

33 Vikari(Sanskrit)

எழில்மாறல் Ezhilmaral(Tamil) 2019-2020

34 Sarvari(Sanskrit)

வீறியெழல் Veeriyezhal(Tamil) 2020-2021

35 Plava(Sanskrit)

கீழறை Keezharai(Tamil) 2021-2022

36 Subakrith(Sanskrit)

நற்செய்கை Narseikai(Tamil) 2022-2023

37 Sobakrith(Sanskrit)

மங்கலம் Mangalam(Tamil) 2023-2024

38 Krodhi(Sanskrit)

பகைக்கேடு Pagaikedu(Tamil) 2024-2025

39 Visuvaasuva(Sanskrit)

உலகநிறைவு Ulaganiraivu(Tamil) 2025-2026

40 Parabhaava(Sanskrit)

அருட்டோற்றம் Aruttotram(Tamil) 2026-2027

41 Plavanga(Sanskrit)

நச்சுப்புழை Nachchupuzhai(Tamil) 2027-2028

42 Keelaka(Sanskrit)

பிணைவிரகு Pinaiviragu(Tamil) 2028-2029

43 Saumya(Sanskrit)

அழகு Azhagu(Tamil) 2029-2030

44 Sadharana(Sanskrit)

பொதுநிலை Pothunilai(Tamil) 2030-2031

45 Virodhikrithu(Sanskrit)

இகல்வீறு Eegalveeru(Tamil) 2031-2032

46 Paridhaabi(Sanskrit)

கழிவிரக்கம் Kazhivirakkam(Tamil) 2032-2033

47 Pramaadhisa(Sanskrit)

நற்றலைமை Natralaimai(Tamil) 2033-2034

48 Aanandha(Sanskrit)

பெருமகிழ்ச்சி Perumagazhchi(Tamil) 2034-2035

49 Rakshasa(Sanskrit)

பெருமறம் Perumaram(Tamil) 2035-2036

50 Nala(Sanskrit)

தாமரை Thaamarai(Tamil) 2036-2037

51 Pingala(Sanskrit)

பொன்மை Ponmai(Tamil) 2037-2038

52 Kalayukthi(Sanskrit)

கருமைவீச்சு Karumaiveechchu(Tamil) 2038-2039

53 Siddharthi(Sanskrit)

முன்னியமுடிதல் Munniyamudithal(Tamil) 2039-2040

54 Raudhri(Sanskrit)

அழலி Azhali(Tamil) 2040-2041

55 Dunmathi(Sanskrit)

கொடுமதி Kodumathi(Tamil) 2041-2042

56 Dhundubhi(Sanskrit)

பேரிகை Perikai(Tamil) 2042-2043

57 Rudhrodhgaari(Sanskrit)

ஒடுங்கி Odingi(Tamil) 2043-2044

58 Raktakshi(Sanskrit)

செம்மை Semmai(Tamil) 2044-2045

59 Krodhana(Sanskrit)

எதிரேற்றம் Ethiretram(Tamil) 2045-2046

60 Akshaya(Sanskrit)

வளங்கலன் Valangkalan 2046-2047

This is the reason for celebrating the 60-th birthday of a person because he is supposed to have lived a century and moves in to the same year he was born. This is very similar to celebrating centenary birthdays.

Source…..Thiagu.N

http://www.Quora.com

Natarajan K

13/04/2019

வாரம் ஒரு கவிதை ….: ” வாராணசி “

வாராணசி
==========
மூச்சு திணறிய கங்கை நான் இப்போதான் சுவாசிக்கிறேன்
நச்சு இல்லா காற்றை வாராணசியில் !
பேச்சு மூச்சு இல்லாமல் போய் விடுமோ என அஞ்சிய
எனக்கு தெரியுது ஒரு விடிவெள்ளி !
உங்க மன அழுக்கை கழுவி விட்டு வாங்க நீங்க
வாராணசிக்கு ! குப்பை தொட்டி அல்ல நான்
உங்களுக்கு ! நசித்து விட வேண்டாம் மீண்டும்
என்னை !
கங்கை நதிக்கரை நான் ஒரு அழகு ஆபரணமாக
இருக்க வேண்டும் வாராணசிக்கு இன்றும் என்றும் !
யாரும் வாரா வாராணசி என்னும் நிலைமைக்கு
கங்கை நான் காரணமாக இருக்க வேண்டாம் !
K.Natarajan
Kavithai in http://www.dinamani.com dated 09/03/2019
9th March 2019
Transit @ Singapore Changi Airport On the way to Brisbane Australia

வாரம் ஒரு கவிதை …” பொன்னான நேரம் “

பொன்  விழா ஆண்டு…..பொன்னான  நேரம்

===========================================

பிரியா விடை பெற்றோம் நாம் ஒரு நாள்
அடுத்தது என்ன என்னும் கேள்விக்கு விடை
தெரியாமலே !
கல்லூரி வாழ்க்கையில் சேர்ந்து படித்த
நண்பர்கள் முகம் மட்டும் நினைவில் !
ஒரு கருப்பு வெள்ளை புகைப்படமும் கையில்
நண்பரை நினைவு படுத்தும் பெயருடன் !
அவரவர் வாழ்க்கை …அவரவர் பயணம் !
பறந்து விட்டது அரை நூற்றாண்டு !ஆனால்
மறக்கவில்லை நாம் கல்லூரி நாட்களை
மறக்கவில்லை நாம் நம் நண்பர்களை !
மாறி விட்டோம் நாம் வாழ்க்கையின்
ஓட்டத்தில் … ஆனால் மாறவில்லை நாம்
நம் நட்புணர்வில் …அன்பு பரிமாற்றத்தில் !
மூன்று வருட நட்பு முப்பது நாற்பது ஆண்டு
அலுவல் நட்பையும் தள்ளி விட்டதே பின்னுக்கு !
மூன்று வருட நட்பு ஆண்டு ஐம்பதுக்குப் பின்னும்
அன்றலர்ந்த மலராக மலர்ந்து மணம்  வீசுதே இன்னும் !
கல்லூரி கால நட்புக்கு இத்தனை சக்தியா !
எண்ணவில்லை நாம் அன்று …பொன்விழா ஆண்டில்
மீண்டும் சந்திப்போம் கோவையில்  என்று !
வாழ்க்கையின் ஆரம்பத்தில் அன்று நாம்!
வாழ்வின் நிஜங்களை பார்த்து விட்டோம் இன்று நாம் !
நிழலாய் மனதில் இருந்த நம் நண்பர்கள்  இன்று
நம் கண் முன்னே இன்று நிஜத்தில் !
நிழலுக்கும் நிஜத்துக்கும் மாற்றம் இருக்கலாம்
அது காலத்தின்  கட்டாயம் !
நிஜம் இன்று நிழலை மனதில் இதமாக அசை
போடுது..! இனிய நினைவுடன் தொடரட்டும்
நம் நட்பு பயணம் ! நிஜத்தை நிழல்
தொடரட்டும் !  நிழலும் நிஜத்தின் மடியில்
இளைப்பாறட்டும் என்றென்றும் !
பொன்விழா  சந்திப்பு  வைர விழா
சந்திப்புக்கு  நுழை வாயிலாக
அமையட்டும் !   சேர்ந்து  நடப்போம்
இனிமேலும்  சோர்ந்து  போகாமல் …
வைர  விழா  சந்திப்பு நோக்கி!!!
K .நடராஜன்
Kavithai  dedicated to our B.COM  1969  Batch Friends  Golden Jubilee Meet on
23/02/2019 and 24/02 /2019 at Coimbatore .

Binaca, the Iconic Toothpaste That Lives On Through India’s Most Loved Radio Show!!!

Years before the television set had people glued to it with Doordarshan’s iconic shows like Ramayana, Mahabharata, Buniyad, Humlog and Mungeri Lal Ke Haseen Sapne—one medium ruled the roost.

The radio.

In most middle-class homes, where a TV set was a distant dream, the radio took centre stage. And while the history of this wonderful medium that connected the masses is not something people usually Google about, it is incomplete without the mention of one particular radio programme.

One that aired for over 40 years, reigning over the hearts of millions of listeners. Not just in India, but also beyond borders–in South Asia, parts of the Middle East, East Asia, and Europe.                                                

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ameen Sayani live on air. Source: Facebook/Ameen J Sayani

Once a week, on Wednesdays, as the family neared supper time, a member, (often the youngest enthu-cutlet) would tune into Radio Ceylon at 8 PM. When tuned just in time, they would hear the closing lines of the Binaca toothpaste jingle, also the sponsor of the much-awaited programme to follow.

And then, a voice would resound through the radio set. A mix of baritone and warmth that broke away from the monotony of the All-India Radio (AIR) announcers, this living legend’s voice brought life to every household.

“Ji haan bhaiyon aur beheno. Main aapka dost Ameen Sayani bol raha hoon aur aap sun rahe hai Binaca Geetmala.”

A 30-minute programme, Binaca Geetmala was broadcast on Radio Ceylon from 1952–1989, and then on AIR’s Vividh Bharati network from 1989–1994.

Ameen Sayani, who is now 86, narrated the history of its inception on its silver jubilee.

 

Born to a devoted doctor who treated underprivileged patients free of charge and bought them medicines, and a mother who ran the periodical Rahber to propagate Gandhi’s vision, Ameen forayed into this earliest form of radio jockeying in the 1950s.

As a degree student of erstwhile Bombay’s St Xavier’s College, he applied for the role of a Hindi broadcaster on AIR. And as hard as it is for most of his fans to believe, he was rejected.

“Your ability to read from scripts is good but Mr Sayani, your pronunciation is defective with too much Gujarati and English influence in your pronunciation,’ was how he had been turned down, recalled Ameen in an interview with the Times of India.

Shattered, he turned to his guide and guru-his older brother, Hamid Sayani.

Hamid, a producer for Radio Ceylon, told him to listen to the station’s Hindi programmes during the recording.

Coincidentally, these recordings took place at a studio in the technical institute of St Xavier’s itself. Needless to say, the young Ameen would trade classes to learn and emulate the art of broadcasting.

This was also the time when sponsored radio shows made their debut on the medium.

Ameen was first noticed by Radio Ceylon’s Balgovind Shrivastav, the producer of the show-Ovaltine Phulwari. Unhappy with the voice for the Ovaltine advertisement, Shrivastav once got on to the stage and asked if anyone from the studio audience wanted to try reading out the script. Ameen volunteered. When the youngster read the words aloud, Shrivastav shut his ears to block his sound.

“This is not war,” he was chastised.

A second try impressed him. And thus began the young Ameen’s journey. He read advertisements every week. Was he paid? Well, if a small tin of Ovaltine could be considered a payment, then sure. What really marked his breakthrough into commercial radio was the absence of Indian film music on AIR. This vacuum was filled in 1951 by Radio Ceylon.

Using the concept of its already existing show-the Binaca Hit Parade which did a countdown of western songs, the brand decided to do a Hindi version for the masses.

The sponsors started looking for a less experienced individual who would have to write the scripts, present and produce the show. Additionally, he/she would have to read letters by the listeners, tabulate the requests and analyze the popularity of each song, based on the feedback from the listeners. It was a lot of work and the salary was a meagre Rs. 25 a week.

It wasn’t much but certainly more than Ameen’s prior payment of a small tin of Ovaltine.

He took a giant leap of faith. And then there was no looking back.

The first show raked in 200 letters. But into the second week, the number spiked to 9,000 letters and later 60,000 a week. In the year 2000, it also won the Advertising Club’s Golden Abby Award for being the most outstanding Radio Campaign of the Century.

The show 

Binaca Geetmala played seven contemporary songs in no particular order. But soon enough, it started ranking them based on popularity and feedback by the janta. The number of listeners shot up to 20,00,000 from the once 9,00,000. Over the years, the name of the show kept changing from—Binaca Geetmala to Cibaca Geetmala and later Colgate-Cibaca Geetmala—due to brand takeovers and change of sponsors.

But one thing remained constant. Ameen Sayani’s voice. For the lakhs of listeners, Ameen wasn’t just a radio jockey, he was a friend and confidant who played out their favourites, read song dedications, their heart-warming stories and letters. He also entertained the listeners with music trivia. Bets were placed on which song would top the week’s chart.

Every rank was referred to as a ‘paidan’  by Ameen—a staircase that led to the top of the Binaca Geetmala peak. Songs could either step up from one paidan to the other or climb down after losing its rank to newer competitors.

When he would announce, “Binaca Geetmala ke paidan ki choti par hai,” the suspense was built with the sound of a bugle. To be number one on the Binaca list was a sign of pride for music producers and directors.

The show’s popularity made Radio Ceylon extend its running time to 60 minutes from half an hour. And such was the media and public attention that it often caused crowds to gather in parks and traffic jams if someone played their radio loud.

“It was impossible to miss this weekly program on the radio during childhood. Even when outside my home, I could still hear the programme in remarkable continuity while walking, my only concern was to reach home before the top song was played. No other radio or TV programme in the world could have stayed popular for such a long time (four decades!) and in so many countries (India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, and so many other Asian countries). The magic was in the Indian music, deeply meaningful, heart-touching simple lyrics, fabulous presentation of Amin Sayani and melodious heavenly nostalgic voices of several artists,” writes a fan of the show on YouTube.

Binaca, the oral hygiene brand was launched in 1951 by FMCG brand Reckitt Benckiser. Before brands like Pepsodent or Colgate became a household name, in the 1970s, Binaca was one of the country’s favourite toothpaste.

What made the product memorable? Well, apart from the jingle and the radio show, the free toys and waterproof stickers that the brand gave out with the toothpaste and toothbrush packs made it a much-loved product among children.  Another marketing strategy was the free water picture sticker at a time when stickers or self-adhesive tapes had still not entered the market.

One of the brands most remembered print advertisement featured brave-heart Neerja Bhanot.                                                          

The Binaca ad featuring braveheart, Neerja Bhanot. Source: Facebook/Chandigarh : The City Beautiful

And while the brand couldn’t survive competition in the dental hygiene space and was bought by the Indian FMCG company Dabur in 1996 for ₹12 million, it continued to live on in the memories of thousands through the melodies of Geetmala.

(Edited by Saiqua Sultan)

Source…..Javita Aranha in http://www.the betterindia.com

Natarajan

         

 

 

 

Remembering Raja Ramanna: The Unsung Man Who Put India on the Nuclear Power Map…

41years ago, Indian physicist, Raja Ramanna, was invited to stay in Iraq, as a prized guest of Saddam Hussein. As expected, such an invite sent by the Iraqi dictator to a nuclear physicist, was not all that cordial and had a hidden agenda.

Surprisingly, this was just four years after Dr Ramanna conducted India’s first nuclear test in Pokhran.

A 1974 event that shook the world out of its slumber as India renounced its status as a ‘Third world country’ to move towards becoming a ‘developed nation’, also affected Saddam.

Angry and desperate, Saddam wanted Dr Ramanna to stay back and lead the country’s nuclear programme to create an Iraqi nuclear bomb.

He was even taken on a tour to Baghdad and Iraq’s main nuclear facility at Tuwaitha, and at the end of the trip, an offer was made by Saddam.

“You have done enough for your country. Don’t go back. Stay here and take over our nuclear programme. I will pay you whatever you want,” was the statement Saddam made, as reported in a book, Saddam’s Bomb, by British journalists Shyam Bhatia and Daniel McGrory.

Perplexed, scared and afflicted by a sleepless night, the 53-year-old (then) wasn’t sure if he might ever see India again, and at the next opportunity, booked a flight and fled.

Although a sensitive topic of discussion for the late scientist, this incident, after so many years, stands out as an interesting one reflecting India’s advancement as a prominent nuclear power, all thanks to Dr Ramanna.

Hence, on his 94th birth anniversary, it is important to remember him as the visionary scientist who is the reason behind India’s promising strides in nuclear science.

A multifaceted talent

Born on January 28, 1925, in Tumkur, Karnataka, Dr Ramanna was a protégé of Dr Homi Bhabha, the founding father of the Indian nuclear programme.

His acquaintance with Dr Bhabha also had a musical beginning, when they were set up to meet in 1944 by a mutual friend, based on their shared passion for music, especially Mozart.

That meeting eventually brought the two closer, as five years later, Dr Ramanna landed a job at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), the centre of India’s atomic energy programme. Under Dr Bhabha’s guidance, he went on the lead the first underground nuclear test on May 18, 1974 at Pokhran, Rajasthan.


But being an internationally renowned scientist was not all, he was an administrator and a teacher as well. A perfect example of a man reflecting the blend of science, technology and arts, he was also a scholar with a penchant for Sanskrit literature, and an accomplished pianist, with several concerts to his credit.

His deep interest in philosophy was said to have given him a holistic understanding of science.

In an interview, he had reportedly said, “The Greek understanding of an atom was more from a philosophical point of view; but the current idea of dividing until we come to an ultimate indivisible unit, is very clearly explained in Visheshika theory. Thus, the idea of an atom has been hovering in people’s mind for a very long time more deeply in India than anywhere else.”

This was not all.

He was also an author, the first and only former chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), to have penned an autobiography, Years of Pilgrimage: An Autobiography.

Later, he wrote a book on music as well, The Structure of Music in Raga and Western Systems, in 1993.

The story behind the ‘Smiling Buddha’

On May 18, 1974, Dr Ramanna played a crucial role in making India’s first underground nuclear bomb explosion a reality.

Despite the criticism it garnered, the nuclear test did not hurt anyone, nor did it intend to. The only idea was to send out a strong message to the world. It was hence called the “Peaceful Nuclear Explosion” with an interesting code name: The Smiling Buddha; as it took place on Buddha Jayanti!

But, at the initial stages, it was a top-secret project, as Dr R Chidambaram, former chairman of the AEC recollected.

In an interview published by the DAE in 1998, Chidambaram said that to maintain secrecy the first step was not to put anything in writing.

The next was to work on the project on a part-time basis.

According to him, Dr Ramanna had begun thinking about developing a nuclear explosion even before the death of Dr Bhabha in 1966.

“Once the clearance (for conducting the test) had been obtained by Dr Ramanna, the crucial thing was to move the plutonium. That was moved with the help of a military convoy – in an unannounced box – and the people in the convoy were wondering why Roy and I were always keeping close to the box. I remember the excitement when we safely reached Pokhran with the consignment. Incidentally, when we lowered the device, there was a dust storm that worried us. But in the event, it helped us. For no spy satellite picked it up,” Chidambaram recollected.

The erudite scientist won several awards, including the three of the four most prominent Indian civilian awards–Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri and Padma Vibhushan.

Even after his death 15 years ago on September 24, 2004, his contributions to the field of science, technology as well as defence, continue to drive India towards a developed tomorrow!

(Edited by Shruti Singhal)

Source……..Ananya Barua  in http://www.the betterindia.com

Natarajan

 

 

The Forgotten Story of the Freedom Fighter Who Spent 14 Years in a Portuguese Prison…

Besides the pristine beaches, finger-licking seafood, and the unending fun that Goa is all about, the state is also steeped in history and culture.

While the rest of the country was aligning itself to fight the British, there was a movement in Goa as well to liberate itself from the Portuguese.

The Portuguese rule in Goa began in 1498 and lasted for as long as 450 years. Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese explorer landed in Calicut after setting off from Lisbon in 1498.

In 1510, when Goa was under the rule of Sultan Adil Shah of Bijapur, the Portuguese attacked the territory under the command of Alfonso de Albuquerque.

Since the Sultan was engaged with his forces elsewhere, the Portuguese were met with little resistence as their forces advanced.    On December 19, 1961, Goa was liberated from Portuguese colonial rule and integrated to the Indian Union by the Indian Armed Forces with little resistance

With this conquest, the Portuguese became the first Europeans to establish their rule on the Indian sub-continent.

It is no wonder that Goa is often referred to as the ‘Lisbon of the East’.

While the rest of the country was aligning itself to fight the British, there was a movement in Goa as well to liberate itself from the Portuguese.

Mohan Ranade and the Goa Liberation movement

Born in 1929 in Sangli, Maharastra, Ranade was a qualified lawyer, who was deeply inspired by leaders like G D Savarkar and V D Savarkar, who were both freedom fighters and nationalists.

To free Goa from the Portuguese rule, he joined the Azad Gomantak Dal.

Ranade entered Goa in the early 1950s, disguised as a Marathi teacher and got involved in covert activities against the Portuguese colonial regime.

He carried out armed attacks against Portuguese police posts, the last of which at Betim, in October 1955, led to his being injured and captured by the Portuguese.

Realising that a movement like the satyagraha wouldn’t help in Goa’s liberation, a different approach was undertaken.

    Mohan Ranade 

In a report published by the Nav Hindi Times, Ranade says, “We started gathering people and soon began our armed attacks against Portuguese police posts in Goa. We led an attack on Nagar Haveli on July 28, 1954, and liberated it on August 2. The successful annexation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli provided the liberation movement in Goa with renewed vigour and motivation to continue the liberation struggle. On August 15, 1954, hundreds of people crossed the Portuguese Goan borders, defying a ban by the Indian government on participating in satyagrahas.”

The proverbial straw that broke the camel’s back and essentially led to Ranade’s arrest was the attack on the Banastarim police station on January 1, 1955. This attack led to Ranade being sentenced to imprisonment for 26 years, of which he spent six in solitary confinement.

Despite various movements and leaders, including former Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru, seeking Ranade’s release, nothing worked until January 25 1969, a day before India’s Republic Day, when he was released early.

It was in fact the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, C N Annadurai, who spoke to the Pope about Ranade’s imprisonment and sought his intervention.

CM Annadurai meeting the Pope

It was only after this that he was released.

After his release, Ranade came back to India and chose to live in Pune.

However, year on year, on two occasions Ranade makes sure he returns to Goa; June 18, which is celebrated as Revolution Day, and on December 19, which is Goa’s Liberation Day.

While we celebrate and write about the various freedom fighters of our nation, here is one more name that we ought to remember.

(Edited by Shruti Singhal)

Source….Vidya Raja in http://www.the betterindia.com

Natarajan