Hyderabad Girl Scripts History, Wins India’s First Gymnastics Medal in World Cup…!

The Gymnastics World Cup 2018 in Melbourne will go down in history as India got its first ever bronze medal in the women’s vault event.

The feat was achieved by Aruna Reddy, who finished after Slovenia’s Tjasa Kysslef and Australia’s Emily Whitehead, with a score of 13.649. A total of 16 countries were part of the World Cup series event this year.

The 22-year old dedicated her stupendous win to her late father, B Narayana Reddy, who had been instrumental for his daughter’s entry into the field.                     

Aruna with her Bronze medal. Source: Facebook.

Realising that Aruna had the agility and build for a gymnast, Narayana had her enrolled at the Lal Bahadur Shastri stadium in Hyderabad at the age of five.

“I owe everything to him, and if he had been alive and seen me on the podium today, he would have been so happy. He was there in my days of struggle, but couldn’t watch me win,” said an emotional Aruna to The Indian Express.

The Hyderabadi lass, who is a former black belt and Karate trainer, had initially trained under the guidance of coaches Swarnalatha and Ravinder. Later, Swarnalatha’s husband Giriraj took over as Aruna’s mentor after realising her immense potential and was her instructor until his untimely death in 2008.

Then, coach Brij Kishore took Aruna under his wing, and it is under his guidance that the budding gymnast blossomed and went on to clinch many medals at three National Games she had participated in, with the first one being in 2005.

In 2014, Aruna had aroused some hope for Indian gymnasts when she secured the 14th position at the qualification round of Vault apparatus at the Commonwealth Games along with a ninth place finish at the Asian Games.

Aruna came back to the fore when she had finished sixth in Vault during the 2017 Asian Championships.

The young athlete is determined to give her finest performance in the upcoming international events.

“The sad thing about this sport is that once you cross the age of 23-24, it becomes difficult to perform because the body doesn’t remain as flexible. A gymnast’s career is short. That’s why I want to make the most out of things before I turn 23,” she told Deccan Chronicle.

Aruna is also part of the Indian gymnastics contingent for the 2018 Commonwealth Games which will be held in Gold Coast, Australia.

We congratulate the young woman on her extraordinary win and wish her luck in all her future endeavours.

Source….www.the betterindia.com





Sitting in the heart of London since long before anyone can remember, theories regarding the London Stone range from Roman ruin, to Druidic icon to a talisman of good fortune.

Although many point to John Stow’s Survey of London(1598), where he sets the 10th century as the first mention of the stone in print (he claims he found a mention of the stone in a document from the 900s AD), others feel more comfortable citing a list of Canterbury Cathedral’s properties from somewhere around the turn of the 12th centuries, where it lists Eadwaker æt lundene stane.

Regardless, by medieval times, the London Stone was a fixture in the city, so much so that residents even incorporated it into their names, such as Ailwin of London Stone. Clearly important, by the 15th century the landmark was seen as a symbol for London, and perhaps England; this helps explain why, when Jack Cade led a rebellion against Henry VI in 1450, he reportedly struck the London Stone with his sword in claiming the city for himself, as immortalized by Shakespeare in King Henry VI, Part II, Act IV, Scene VI.

In the 16th century, one popular theory for the stone’s origins was that it had been used by the Roman’s during their occupation (approximately 43 AD – 410 AD) as a millarium or central milestone from which all distances were measured. Charles Dickens even cited this explanation in his Dictionary of London (1879).

During the 18th century, some were speculating that the stone was used in worship by the Druids, although there is no evidence to support it.

In the 19th century, as interest in spiritualism became more widespread, some theorized that the London Stone was a Palladium or talisman dating back to Roman times and Britain’s legendary founder. It was during this time that the now well-known saying appeared: “So long as the Stone of Brutus is safe, so long shall London flourish.”

By the 20th century, serious archaeologists began digging into the London Stone’s origins, and some found that it is situated at the center, or at the gate, of where a large Roman structure, sometimes identified as a Governor’s palace or pretorium, had been.

Today, those who believe in ley lines, straight “lines” that connect sites of historical or geographical significance, claim that the London Stone is transected by several of these lines, while others have posited that the stone was set in the center of the old Roman city, in homage to Jupiter.






Source….www.today i foundout.com



Unlike the Super-Rich defauters ,this Ex-PM”s familyHonoured their loan liability ….

These are not good times for the Punjab National Bank, which is embroiled in an 11,400 crore-scam allegedly perpetrated by diamond mogul Nirav Modi and his maternal uncle, Mehul Choksi.

For the average citizen, this is yet another instance of a wealthy man swindling public money through dubious loans issued by these banks, and leaving the country without paying back his dues.

Unlike Nirav Modi and Vijay Mallya, the PNB, which is India’s second largest public-sector bank, also had famous personalities and their families as customers who have honoured their loans.

Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri had taken a car loan of Rs 5,000 from PNB. After his sudden demise on January 11, 1966, the former prime minister’s widow Lalitha paid back the loan from the pension she received, reported Times of India.

“We went to St Columba’s School on a tonga. Once in a while, we used the office car, but my father did not allow us to use it regularly for any kind of private work. There was a demand at home that we should buy a car,” said Anil Shastri, his son and senior Congress politician, to the publication.

In response to his family’s demands, Shastri approached a senior official from the PMO and discovered that a new Fiat would cost Rs 12,000. Since the family had only Rs 7,000 in the bank, the prime minister decided to apply for a Rs 5,000 loan which the bank sanctioned that very day.

When the prime minister passed away in Tashkent, where he had gone to sign the declaration of peace between India and Pakistan after the 1965 war, the loan remained unpaid. “It was repaid by my mother from the pension she received after my father’s death,” said Anil Shastri.                                                                                                                         












This 1964-model Fiat with the plate number DLE 6 is today exhibited at the Lal Bahadur Shastri Memorial in the national capital.




When your parents agree to watch your children, this is a convenient arrangement in every respect, but in order for it to work best for all parties, it is important to have some basic rules so that your parents don’t feel like substitute parents or like they are “working for you.” If you stop asking for their help and start demanding it, if you want them to follow all your rules, and if you involve your partner in arguments between you and your parents, you should reconsider your behavior and read the following tips for maintaining a relationship with grandparents who care for their grandkids.

1. Don’t take your parents for granted

Within our family unit, we tend to forget that those around us are people with needs and limitations of their own, just like us. This is even truer when our parents become caregivers to our children. Although grandchildren sometimes seem to be a source of happiness and enjoyable pastime for your parents, remember that they have other interests. Don’t assume that your parents are always available for you or want to help all the time. Ask for help and don’t demand it, and know when you should hold back and not burden them, even considering their age limitations.

If your parents took care of your children all week, you might want to reconsider asking them to babysit Saturday night. Despite the grinding routine, it must be remembered that our parents also need their own free time, a listening ear and someone who would like to spend time with them talking about things that concern them. Look for shared time with your parents where you can recharge them with energy and build up your relationship.

2. Be a little laxer on your rules

Every parent has rules and methods when raising their children; some don’t want their children to watch television, some don’t want them eating candy, and some schedule tutors immediately after the kids come home from school. Whatever your rules are, when your children are under your parents care for a long time, you may need to be a bit more flexible with your rules.

Keep in mind that your parents can’t meet all your conditions and expectations and might even choose to break your rules, whether it’s because that’s what they’re used to, or maybe because they want to spoil and treat their grandkids. As long as your parents do not do something that compromises your child’s physical and mental well-being, think your rules over, and decide which one you can be more flexible with, and which ones you aren’t budging on.

3. Offer payment for special expenses

Even if in most cases your parents won’t ask for compensation for taking care of your children, remember that they have additional expenses on the days they take care of and spend time with your little ones. If grandparents take the grandchildren for a meal at a restaurant, for a day at the mall, or to the zoo, the experience usually involves quite a bit of an expense. Offer to pay them back, or even leave some money with them beforehand. Even if the offer is rejected by your parents, be sure to offer them money from time to time to show them that their help isn’t expected or taken for granted.

4. Say thank you and buy them a gift

Your parents don’t take care of their grandchildren in order to receive a gift. They do so for a variety of reasons related to helping you and just loving and wanting to spend time with their family. Despite all this, all of us, old and young, need recognition and reinforcement. Thank your parents and don’t take their help for granted, even if they’re guilty of doing so themselves. Buy them a nice gift and write a thank you card to remind them of your appreciation of their dedication and help. In order to repay your parents in another way, try to help them in areas where they have difficulty as in small renovations or house maintenance.

5. Don’t involve your partner in arguments with your parents

It is natural and common for you to have occasional disagreements with your parents about issues related to the care and education of your kids, and it’s even recommended that you have an open conversation with them about the issues that concern you, but be sure to do so without involving your partner. Your parents may feel uncomfortable or even attacked, in the presence of a more distant person like your spouse, even if they like and get along with them. If you can’t overcome the problem alone, you can lean on your partner for support, but first, try to talk to your parents privately and remember that they have only good intentions for you and their grandchildren.

6. Encourage your child to respect your parents

Do you come across situations where your children are cheeky to your parents? Do they demand instead of ask, treat your parents with contempt and perhaps maybe even curse them out? Just before you scold them, ask yourself whether your children are just copying the nature of the relationship they have seen between you and your parents. Remember that personal example is the main way children learn about relationships.

Beyond setting a personal example, make sure to praise and thank your parents in front of your children; you can tell them for example how Grandpa once managed to fix the car during a family trip or how Grandma sewed you the most beautiful costume in school. Beyond that, it is important that you teach your child how to deal respectably with arguments and disagreements in general, and with their grandparents in particular.

7. Clean up after yourself

After a whole day in the company of children, everyone’s house looks completely different – toys everywhere, puzzles scattered all over the floor, half-eaten candy and dirty dishes all over the place. It may be that in your home this doesn’t really bother you, but when your children spend time with your parents, it isn’t fair to leave their home messy. Make sure that the kids clean up the mess they made, and do it yourself if your child is too young to do It themselves.

8. Make your home accessible to parents

Technology has become a part of our lives whether we like it or not. Even those who are deterred by innovations have to adapt to a new era and can even finally discover that they like the new possibilities. Many of our parents have a smartphone and a Facebook account and get along very well.

However, it is worth remembering that each device and software has its own complex operating system. When your parents come to your home to watch your children, let them feel comfortable and give them access to all the tools you have in your home. Be sure to explain to your parents how to operate all electronic devices putting special emphasis on the TV, computer, microwave and other appliances that they will most likely want to use.

9. Don’t have your parents cook and clean

You may never have asked your parents to fold your laundry or cook dinner. They just see a pile of clothes on the sofa in the living room and fold it on their own. But what starts out as a small initiative can become an abysmal routine in which most household chores, including cleaning, cooking, children’s showers and even homework help, are done by your parents. In some cases, your parents also drive your kids to afterschool activities.

You may think that your parents are just doing these things to kill time, but no one actually wants to do these menial tasks, especially considering that your parents have to clean up their own home. Just let your parents know that that isn’t something they have to do, and to just enjoy the time with their grandchildren.

Once your kids get older and you no longer need your parents to watch them, they’ll be teenagers managing their own schedules. In order to maintain the relationship between them and keep it deep, mutual and ongoing, make sure that it isn’t based solely on supervision and fulfillment of tasks.

Encourage your children to get off their phones and talk to their grandparents, take an interest in them, discover more of their life story and family heritage. On the other hand, encourage your parents to play with their grandchildren and open up to them not only as grandparents but as human beings. You will find that even when your children grow up and get older, they’ll still want to visit their grandparents and the bond between them will accompany them for the rest of their lives.

Source….www.ba-ba mail.com

Will Chennai be able to save a 300 year old Plaque connecting it to its Armenian Past …?

The plaque is the last living relic of the Marmalong, the first ever bridge built over the Adyar river in 1726 by Armenian trader Coja Petrus Uscan.








If you take a walk across the busy roads of Saidapet in Chennai, chances are that you would cross what is perhaps one of the oldest living relics that connects the city to its Armenian past.

To the uninitiated, it may look like an unremarkable slab of stone on a pale green crumbling wall. However, this ordinary looking slab of stone is in fact a 300-year-old plaque that belonged on the pillars of one of oldest bridges in the city.

Marmalong Bridge, the first ever bridge across the Adyar river, was commissioned in 1726 by Coja Petrus Uscan, an immensely wealthy Armenian trader. Uscan, who had decided to settle in Madras after coming to the city in 1724, paid 30,000 pagodas from his own money to build the bridge and another 1,500 pagodas for its upkeep.

“Uscan was immensely respected and perhaps was even one of the only non-British allowed to stay in Fort St George or the White town. A devout believer in St Thomas, Uscan wanted more people to visit the Saint Thomas Mount, and therefore removed the two impediments – the river and the lack of steps – by building the bridge as well as 160 steps to the mount. This was the initial purpose of the bridge. But all that soon changed as the Marmalong Bridge became crucial to the expansion of the city, especially towards the South,” says Chennai-based novelist and historian Venkatesh Ramakrishnan.

Mount Road came after the bridge











 Mount Road, around which the city developed, came 60 years after the Marmalong bridge.

Named after Mambalam, one of the villages near the Adyar, the Marmalong Bridge perhaps laid the foundation stone for the city as it led to the emergence of the Mount Road, around which Chennai developed.

“It was only natural that a road followed after a bridge was built. The British built the Mount Road in the 1800s, around which the city grew. So, in a sense, the bridge led to the city’s birth and is very close to its heart,” Venkatesh adds.

However, the Marmalong only lives in our memories today. Where the arched bridge of Uscan once stood, a concrete replacement called the Maraimalai Adigal Bridge now exists. There are no traces of this Adyar-Armenian connect but for the last living relic – the plaque commemorating Uscan’s construction of the bridge.

With inscriptions in three ancient languages – Persian, Armenian and Latin, the Uscan plaque was established in memory of the great nation of Armenia and is a tribute to the people who helped build the city.

“The Armenian inscriptions are on the lower portion of the plaque. It can’t be read because the writing has faded with time and neglect,” according to Venkatesh.

Crusade to preserve the plaque











The neglected plaque stands near the Saidapet Metro construction site. 

Displaced from its original site, the plaque faces the perils of urbanisation and is further threatened by the metro rail work that is underway.

Years of neglect and development in the area has buried the stone in layers of debris. In fact, the bottom of the stone has disappeared under the ground as the road levels have been rising every year due to re-carpeting, Venkatesh laments.

With the construction of the Saidapet Metro station underway, historians who are fighting to save the plague urge the CMRL to give the stone a place of honor in the metro station.

Highlighting the importance of preserving such relics, Venkatesh says, “The Armenians have contributed immensely to this city. I believe it is important to preserve all traces to this link. It is really unfortunate that while the Uscan stone stands neglected, another plaque at the Fourbeck Bridge is preserved by the Architectural Society of India,” he said.

A dedicated group of Chennai historians have launched a Facebook page “Retrieve Uscan Stone” to draw attention to the issue and save the plaque.

“The Saidapet Metro work is too close to the plaque. We have been urging the officials to move the relic to a better place, may be a museum or a memorial site. We just don’t want to lose a precious piece of the city’s history,” Venkatesh says hopefully.




ஒரு சொட்டுத் தண்ணீர் இல்லாமல் போன உலகின் முதல் பெரு நகரம்..!

இது கடந்த டிசம்பர் மாதம் வந்த அறிவிப்பு.

குடி தண்ணீர் – 2 லிட்டர்.

சமையலுக்கு – 4 லிட்டர்.

2 நிமிட குளியலுக்கு – 20 லிட்டர்.

துணி துவைக்க & பாத்திரம் கழுவ – 23 லிட்டர்.

கழிவறை உபயோகத்துக்கு – 27 லிட்டர்.

இன்னும் பிற தேவைகளுக்கு – 4 லிட்டர்.

ஒரு நாளைக்கு சேமிக்க வேண்டியவை – 7 லிட்டர்.

Think Water. Think Less than 87 Litres a Day.

ஆம்…ஒரு நாளைக்கு ஒருவர் 87 லிட்டர் தண்ணீரை மட்டுமே உபயோகிக்க வேண்டும் என்று கடந்த டிசம்பர் மாதம் சட்டம் போடப்பட்டது. மீறினால், அபராதத் தொகையோடு தண்டனை. அதிர்ச்சியடைய வேண்டாம்… அது டிசம்பர் மாதம்.

இந்திய கிரிக்கெட் அணி, தென் ஆப்பிரிக்காவில் சுற்றுப்பயணம் மேற்கொண்டு வருகிறது. இந்திய கிரிக்கெட் அணியினர் 2 நிமிடங்களுக்கு மேல், குளிக்க தண்ணீர் பயன்படுத்தக்கூடாதென அதிகாரபூர்வமாக அறிவிக்கப்பட்டது.

இப்பொழுது பிப்ரவரி 1 முதல் அதை இன்னும் குறைத்து ஒரு நாளைக்கு ஒருவருக்கு 50 லிட்டர் மட்டுமே உபயோகிக்க வேண்டும்! இப்பொழுதும் அதிர்ச்சியடைய வேண்டாம்… நீங்கள் அதிர்ச்சியடைய இன்னும் நிறைய விஷயங்கள் இருக்கின்றன. 

உலகிலேயே முதன்முறையாக ஒரு பெரு நகரம் முற்றிலும்… முற்றிலும் என்றால் எதுவுமே இல்லாமல்… கொஞ்சம் கூட இல்லாமல்… சில சொட்டுக் கூட இல்லாமல் முற்றிலுமாக தண்ணீரில்லா நிலைக்குப் போகப்போகிறது. மிக விரைவில் எட்டப்படவிருக்கும் இந்த நாளை ஆங்கிலத்தில் “டே ஜீரோ” (Day Zero) என்று சொல்கிறார்கள். வரும் ஏப்ரல் மாதம் 12-ம் தேதி அல்லது 21-ம் தேதி… இந்த நாளை எட்டிவிடும்  தென்னாப்பிரிக்காவின் கடற்கரை நகரமான கேப்டவுன் (Cape Town).

கூடுதலாக வீணடிக்கப்படும் , அதாவது உபயோகப்படுத்தும் ஒவ்வொரு லிட்டருக்கும் அபராதம் விதிக்கப்படுகிறது. இந்திய மதிப்பில் ஒரு லிட்டருக்கு 25,000 ரூபாய். இது டிசம்பருக்கான அபராதத் தொகை.

அந்த நாள் முதல் நகரின் எந்தக் குழாய்களிலும் தண்ணீர் வராது. அதனால், நகர் முழுக்க 200-க்கும் அதிகமான “தண்ணீர் பெறும் மையங்களை” அமைத்திருக்கிறது அரசு. வெளியிலிருந்து கொண்டுவரும் தண்ணீரை அதில் நிரப்புவார்கள். வரிசையில் நின்று பெற்றுக் கொள்ளலாம். ஒரு நாளைக்கு ஒருவருக்கு 25 லிட்டர் மட்டுமே.

நீச்சல் குளங்களை நிரப்புவது, தோட்டத்துக்குத் தண்ணீர் விடுவது, கார்களை கழுவுவது எனத் தண்ணீர் உபயோகிக்கும் பல விஷயங்களுக்கும் தடை விதித்துள்ளது அரசு. ஒரு நாளைக்கு 2 நிமிடத்துக்கு மேல் யாரும் குளிக்கக் கூடாது. சில நாள்கள் குளிக்காமல் இருந்தால் இன்னும் சிறப்பு.

அதேபோல் வறட்சிக் கட்டணம் வசூலிக்கிறது கேப்டவுன் நிர்வாகம். ஒவ்வொரு வீட்டுக்கும் மாதத்துக்கு 200 ரூபாய் வறட்சிக் கட்டணம் கட்ட வேண்டும்.


கேப்டவுனுக்குப் பல காலமாக உயிர் ஆதாரமாக இருந்த தீவாட்டர்ஸ்க்லூஃப் (Theewaterskloof) அணை 10%க்கும் குறைவான நிலையை எட்டி பல மாதங்களாகிவிட்டன. நகருக்குத் தண்ணீர் வழங்கும் வாய்ப்பைக் கொண்டிருக்கும் இன்னும் சில அணைகளும் 15% வந்துவிட்டன. அது 13.5% எனும் நிலையை எட்டும்போது, “டே ஜீரோ” நிகழும்.

இது ஏதோ திடீரென எட்டப்பட்டுவிட்ட நிலை அல்ல…கடந்த மூன்றாண்டுகளாகவே மிகக் கடுமையான வறட்சியில் சிக்கி சின்னாபின்னமாகிக் கொண்டிருந்தது கேப்டவுன். ஆனால், பிரச்னையைத் தீர்க்க அரசாங்கம் பெரும் முயற்சிகளை எடுக்கவில்லை… அரசாங்கம் எடுத்த முயற்சிகளுக்கு மக்களிடம் ஒத்துழைப்பு இல்லை. “இன்றைய நாள் தண்ணீர் இருக்கு… என்றோ வரும் நாளுக்காக..யாருக்காகவோ…நான் ஏன் சிக்கனமாகத் தண்ணீரைக் கையாள வேண்டும்?” என்ற எண்ணம். இதோ வந்தேவிட்டது அந்நாள்!
கல்விக்கூடங்கள் தண்ணீரில்லாமல் எப்படி நடக்கும்? மருத்துவமனைகளின் நிலை? எதுவுமே தண்ணீரில்லாமல் எப்படி இயங்கும்? கேப்டவுனின் மொத்த மக்கள் தொகை 40 லட்சத்துக்கும் அதிகம்… அரசோடு இணைந்து பல சர்வதேச தன்னார்வத் தொண்டு நிறுவனங்களும் இந்தப் பேரிடரைச் சமாளிக்க களத்தில் இறங்கி வேலைகளைச் செய்துவருகின்றன. ஆனாலும், அதெல்லாமே தற்காலிகமாக

மக்களுக்கான நீரைக் கொடுக்கும்? நிரந்தரத் தீர்வுதான் என்ன?

காரணம்? எல்லாம்தான். பூமி வெப்பமயமாதல், அரசியல், அரசு, மக்கள்…

சமீபத்தில் வெளியிடப்பட்டிருக்கும் ஒரு சர்வதேச ஆராய்ச்சி இப்படியாகச் சொல்கிறது…

“இந்த சர்வதேச சமூகம், உலக வெப்பத்தை பாரீஸ் ஒப்பந்தத்தின் படி 2 டிகிரி செல்சியஸைக் கடக்காத வகையில் பாதுகாத்தாலும் கூட… இதுவரை ஏற்படுத்திய காயங்களுக்கான கேடுகளைச் சந்திக்கத்தான் வேண்டியிருக்கும். இதுவரை நாம் ஏற்படுத்தியுள்ள பாதிப்புகளின் காரணமாக இந்த பூமியின் கால்பங்கு பகுதியாவது கடும் வறட்சிக்குத் தள்ளப்படும்” என்று சொல்லியிருக்கிறது.
கேப்டவுனின் வறட்சி தண்ணீர் பிரச்னை மட்டுமே அல்ல. அது சமூகப் பொருளாதாரப் பிரச்னை. சர்வதேச அரசியல் பிரச்னை. உணவுப் பஞ்ச பிரச்னை. இந்த பூமியின் பிரச்னை.

நமக்கு என்ன இதனால்? நமக்குதான் இன்று குடிக்க தண்ணீர் இருக்கிறதே? என்று நிம்மதி பெருமூச்சு விடுபவர்களுக்குப் பெரும் அபாயமணியை அடிக்கிறார்கள் சூழலியலாளர்களும், ஆராய்ச்சியாளர்களும்… கேப்டவுன் வெறும் ஆரம்பம் மட்டும்தான். உலகின் பல பெரு நகரங்களும் இந்த நிலைக்கு இன்னும் சில வருடங்களில் வரும்… Expecting Day Zero?!