‘Literally’ Tops List for Most Hated Phrases…” Top 10 Most irritating Phrases !!!

How often do you notice yourself saying the word ‘literally’? Well according to the Daily Telegraph readers, this word literally tops the list of phrases and sayings that cause annoyance among readers.

In fact, according to a response of 700 Daily Telegraph readers in an online poll, the words ‘basically’, ‘a safe pair of hands’ and ‘I’m gutted’ were preferred over the word ‘literally’. Of course, overused words like ‘basically’ and ‘upcoming’ made the list, as did the grammatically incorrect use of ‘shouldn’t of’ instead of ‘shouldn’t have’.

The readers were asked to respond to a top 10 of irritating expressions which have been compiled by researchers at Oxford University. Expressions which topped the University list included ‘at the end of the day’, which was followed in second place by the phrase ‘fairly unique’.

The statement, ‘I personally’ made third place. Phrases which made the list are highlighted in a new book which looks into jargon, poor grammar and meaningless expressions which are often found in modern speech. The book is known as ‘Damp Squid: The English Language Laid Bare’.

The list was compiled by researchers using the Oxford University Corpus database, which alerts them to new words and phrases by monitoring books, papers, magazines, television, and the internet. The database tells which words are being misused and it also identified expressions which are disappearing.

The author of the book Jeremy Butterfield, also a lexicographer, said that many over-used expressions are considered to be annoying. They actually started off as office lingo – such as 24/7 and synergy. He also said: ‘we grow tired of anything that is repeated too often – an anecdote, a joke, a mannerism – and the same seems to happen with some language.’ During the survey, Daily Telegraph readers responded in the hundreds to express which words annoyed them.

Below is the Oxford University’s top ten most irritating phrases:  

1. At the end of the day

Usually used before we say what we believe to be an important fact of a situation we are describing. In conclusion and when all is said and done have the same meaning.

2. Fairly unique

Here’s a classic example of an oxymoron – two words which seem to have an opposite meaning. Grammatically, this is incorrect. An object can either be unique, or not, but it cannot be fairly unique.

3. I personally

I and personally have the same meaning, after all, I is personal so there is no need to use the two together.

4. At this moment in time

Simply put, this expression means now or at the moment. This expression is used too much and is overblown.

5. With all due respect

This expression is used before something impolite is said, or before we disagree. Most people seem to dislike this phase because it makes it OK to be rude to someone when we use this expression first.

6. Absolutely

This adverb means very or completely. But most people tend to find it absolutely annoying when it is used to mean yes or I agree.

7. It’s a nightmare

This idiom means a very bad experience. But it is felt that people use this expression too much in spoken English.

8. Shouldn’t of

This expression is used to express regret about something we have, or haven’t done. It is also used to criticize the action of others. However, in the way that it is used here it is not good English. The correct expression is shouldn’t have.

9. 24/7

This expression is used to refer to something that never stops. It is considered to be annoying because it is office jargon, not always true and the word always is deemed to be a better replacement for 24/7.

10. It’s not rocket science

This expression meaning it’s not difficult is disliked because it’s a cliché.

Source….www.ba-ba mail.com

Natarajan

Advertisements

WHY “HANK” IS SHORT FOR “HENRY,” WHY “COLONEL” IS PRONOUNCED “KERNEL,” AND WHY WE SAY “STAT” WHEN WE WANT SOMETHING DONE QUICKLY

 

Why “Hank” is Short for “Henry”

This is thought to be thanks to the one time popular suffix “-kin,” which is also how “Jack” originally derived from the name “John.” Specifically, the suffix “-kin,” simply indicated “little,” so Robin Hood’s “Little John” would have been aptly named “Jockin,” which later gave rise to “Jenkin,” then “Jakin,” and then “Jack,” with the former forms literally meaning “Little John.”

Similarly, we have “Little Henry” becoming “Henkin,” which later gave rise to “Hankin,” which was then shortened to just “Hank.”

Why “Colonel” is Pronounced “Kernel”

Believe it or not, “colonel” was pronounced more or less the way it originally looked when it was introduced to English. The spelling changed over time to “colonel”, while the pronunciation stayed the same as it was before.

“Colonel” ultimately derives from the Latin “columna,” meaning “pillar.” This gave rise to the Old Italian “compagna colonnella,” meaning “little-column company.”  This, in turn, gave us the rank of “colonnello” -the leader of a column.

Other nations adopted this ranking giving us the Middle French “Coronel.” This was pronounced pretty much like it looks at first, then later slurred down to “Kernel” by the English, but using the same spelling.

However, starting with the French around the 1540s, the spelling was changed back closer to the Italian spelling, which gave us “Colonel” in French.

Within a few decades, the English also followed suit and by the mid-seventeenth century, “colonel” was the most common way to spell the word in English. At that time, the common pronunciation was mixed between the older “kernel” and the new “colonel,” with the former winning out in the end, despite the way it’s spelled.

Why We Say “Stat” When We Want Something Done Quickly

This may seem odd at first glance. After all, common usage of “stat” outside of these instances is referring to statistics. In this case, though, “stat” is not short for “statistics,” but rather is from the Latin “statim,” meaning “immediately” or “at once.”

The first references of the practice of shortening “statim” to “stat” came to us from physicians in the nineteenth century, with the first known documented instance of this appearing in Lessons on Prescriptionsby W.H. Griffith (1875).

Bonus Facts:

  • Another interesting nickname derivation is how we got “Dick” from “Richard.” This is another one of those “knee bone connected to the thigh bone” type progressions. Due to people having to write everything by hand, shortened versions of Richard were common, such as ‘Ric’ or ‘Rich’. This in turn gave rise to nicknames like ‘Richie’, ‘Rick’, and ‘Ricket’, among others. People also used to like to use rhyming names. Thus, someone who was nicknamed Rich might further be nicknamed Hitch. Thus, Richard -> Ric -> Rick gave rise to nicknames like Dick and Hick around the early 13th century.
  • “Wiki” as used in “Wikipedia,” means “quick.” Howard G. Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki which was launched in 1995 called “WikiWikiWeb,” upon his first visit to Hawaii was informed by an airport employee that he needed to take the “wiki wiki” bus between the airport’s terminals. Not understanding what the person was telling him, he inquired further and found out “wiki” means “quick” in Hawaiian; by repeating the word, it gives additional emphasis and thus means “very quick.” He later decided to use this as the name for his new web platform.
  • It should also be noted that the proper pronunciation of “wiki” is technically “we-key”, rather than “wick-ee”. However, given the popularity of the mispronunciation of the word, Cunningham and others have long since stopped trying to correct people on the matter.

Source….www.today i foundout.com

Natarajan

Kabali: Rajinikanth is still the only boss of Tamil cinema…!!!

_314ef876-4e6c-11e6-a5f1-138dd21979a8

If you live in Chennai and aren’t familiar with the frenzy surrounding Rajinikanth’s films, July 22 might come as a shock to you. The undisputed superstar of southern cinema is ready to enthrall his fans with his new film, Kabali, on Friday.

There’s no stopping Rajinikanth even at 65. Though his last two films – Lingaa and Kochadaiyaan – didn’t hit the bull’s eye at the box office, he is ready to reinvent himself. Probably the only superstar in the world who isn’t afraid of showing his balding head, Rajinikanth is a people’s man. From setting up retirement funds for his director friends to obliging politicians, he has done it all. And now his fans are ready to pay the star back for his courtesies.

With a fifteen-minute role in Apoorva Raagangal (1975), Rajinikanth launched a scintillating career that was to become synonymous with charisma, magic and miracles. The tricks learnt during his stint with the Karnataka State Transport Corporation turned Shivaji Rao Gaekwad aka Rajinikanth into the actor every fan of Tamil cinema was waiting for. With that style, that ruggedness, that majestic gait and that enchanting persona, things had little choice but to fall in place. By now, we have heard and read so much about the man that we almost believe Rajinikanth was born to be a superstar.

His Hindi films didn’t work, and even if they did, somebody else ended up taking the limelight. But then, he was not the same man then. Had the movies been released today, many of them would have crossed the Rs 100-crore mark. The things Rajinikanth can do naturally, contemporary stars cannot hope to achieve even with the help of technically adept camera crews and state-of-the-art editing softwares.

The recently released Robot (Enthiran) was also successful in Hindi. Shivaji the Boss and Chandramukhi are shown regularly on some film channels, and nobody objects to him romancing the likes of Shriya Sharan, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Deepika Padukone and Sonakshi Sinha. In fact, some die-hard fans would go to the extent of saying that these heroines can’t match up to Rajinikanth’s dancing, screen presence and looks.

Research scholars could do entire projects on the reasons behind Rajinikanth’s mass popularity in North India, a region where he hasn’t done any ‘original’ film since Bulandi in 2000. And, mind you, those who remember Bulandi do so only for this man and how Anil Kapoor copied him in the second half. In case you’re trying to remember, his name was Gajraj Thakur in the film.

Rajinikanth was initially all about jokes of the ‘Chuck Norris’ kind, but everything turned into respect for the thespian before anybody even realised it. Be it his pictures with ailing children or be it his photographs from the sets of his films, he always comes across as a genuine person. His personal life reflects the same. Unlike some other Southern superstars, who used stardom to destroy their own superstar status, Rajinikanth’s never entangled into any controversy that was personal. Whenever he spoke for a cause or about something political, he cared to keep his personal away from it.

It’s difficult for big stars to keep away from politics in Tamil Nadu and other South Indian states. The alluring seats of power attract with so much force that one lets go of legacy and jumps on to the favouring tides without thinking much of the people who made them the stars and masters of the local spheres.

We know of other actors who are desperately trying to fit into the shoes of Thalaiva. It’s so in-our-face yet the audience is making these ventures successful. You think it’s happening without Rajinikanth’s unseen help. He may not have asked for it, but the fans know their duty. They simply can’t see Thalaiva going out of prominence. Now, you understand why that Chennai Express song was such a perfect marketing gimmick.

The boss of Tamil cinema is ready to reclaim his throne with Kabali. Will the fans help him this time?

Follow the author at Twitter/@nawabjha

source….

  • Rohit Vats, Hindustan Times, New Delhi …www.hindustantimes.com

Natarajan

மூனுசுழி “ண” , ரெண்டுசுழி “ன” என்ன வித்தியாசம்…? தெரியுமா உங்களுக்கு ?

 

மூனுசுழி “ண” , ரெண்டுசுழி “ன” என்ன வித்தியாசம்?

படிக்காதவர்க்கும் நல்ல தமிழைக் கற்றுத்தந்த
நடிகர்திலகம் சிவாஜி கணேசன்.
கண்ணப்பன் னு எழுதச்சொன்னா ஒருத்தன்
4சுழி 5சுழி போட்டானாம்!
என்னப்பா னு கேட்டதுக்கு அவன் கேட்டானாம்-
“தமிழ் வளரவே கூடாதாய்யா?
ரெண்டு சுழி மூனு சுழி இருக்கலாம்
4சுழி 5சுழி இருக்கக் கூடாதா?

தமிழ் எழுத்துகளில் –
ரெண்டுசுழி ன என்பதும் தவறு!
மூனுசுழி ண என்பதும் தவறு!

ண இதன் பெயர் டண்ணகரம்,
ன இதன் பெயர் றன்னகரம் என்பதே சரி.

மண்டபம், கொண்டாட்டம் – என எங்கெல்லாம் இந்த மூனு சுழி ணகர ஒற்றெழுத்து வருதோ, அதையடுத்து வர்ர உயிர்மெய் எழுத்து ட வர்க்க எழுத்தாகத்தான் இருக்கும். இதனால இதுக்கு டண்ணகரம் னு பேரு. (சொல்லிப் பாருங்களேன்?)

தென்றல், சென்றான் – என எங்கெல்லாம் இந்த ரெண்டு சுழி னகரஒற்றெழுத்து வருதோ, அதையடுத்து வர்ர உயிர்மெய் எழுத்து ற வர்க்க எழுத்தாகத்தான் இருக்கும். இதனால இதுக்கு றன்னகரம் னு பேரு. (சும்மா சொல்லிப்பாருங்க?)

இது ரெண்டும் என்றுமே மாறி வராது..
(இதுல கூட பாருங்களேன்? பிரியாத காதலர்கள் மாதிரிச் சேர்ந்து சேர்ந்தே வருகிறதப் பாருங்களேன்! இது புரியாம இதுகளை நாம பிரிச்சுடக் கூடாதுல்ல?)

வேற மாதிரி சொன்னா
இதுவும் வர்க்க ஒற்றுமைதான்!
(வர்க்க எழுத்து-ன்னா,
சேர்ந்து வர்ர எழுத்து! அவ்ளோதான்)

இந்தப் பெயரோடு (டண்ணகரம், றன்னகரம்)
இந்த ண, ன எழுத்துகளை அறிந்து கொண்டால்
எழுத்துப் பிழையும் குறையும்.

எப்புடீ?

மண்டபமா? மன்டபமா? சந்தேகம் வந்தா…
பக்கத்துல ட இருக்கா,
அப்ப இங்க மூனு சுழி ண தான் வரும்.
ஏன்னா அது டண்ணகரம்.

கொன்றானா? கொண்றானா? சந்தேகம் வந்தா…
பக்கத்துல ற இருக்கா
அப்ப இங்க ரெண்டு சுழி ன தான் வரும்.
ஏன்னா அது றன்னகரம்.
என்று புரிந்து கொள்ளலாம்.

Source…..input from Facebook share

Natarajan

Beauty of English Language …!!!

 

Beauty of English language :

Professor Ernest Brennecke of Columbia is credited with inventing a sentence that can be made to have eight different meanings by placing ONE WORD in all possible positions in the sentence:
“I hit him in the eye yesterday.”

The word is “ONLY”.

The Message:

1. ONLY I hit him in the eye yesterday. (No one else did.)
2. I ONLY hit him in the eye yesterday. (Did not slap him.)
3. I hit ONLY him in the eye yesterday. (I did not hit others.)
4. I hit him ONLY in the eye yesterday (I did not hit outside the eye).
5. I hit him in ONLY the eye yesterday (Not other organs).
6. I hit him in the ONLY eye yesterday (He doesn’t have another eye).
7. I hit him in the eye ONLY yesterday (Not today).
8. I hit him in the eye yesterday ONLY (Did not wait for today).

This is the beauty and complexity of the English language.

Source …facebook share

Natarajan

Few commonly mispronounced words in English … !!!

 

20 commonly mispronounced English words!
In India most of our languages are pronounced differently at various places across our nation with their native slang. 
But very rarely we get info about the correct pronunciation of each word.
You can find 20 common words in this message.

20 commonly mispronounced English words!

If using English properly interests you, and you are afraid you might be mispronouncing some words, you can check this list of commonly mispronounced words…

  1. Cabin: This word for a private office area is often heard mispronounced as kay-bin. It should be pronounced as Cab-in(cab as in taxicab). In offices around the country you can find people at all levels using this massive distortion, but once you get used to the proper spelling it’s an easy transition. 
  2. Data: should be day-ta not daa-taa which is also usually heard in offices. Surprisingly people from the IT sector and database consultants also sometimes also mispronounce this word which is so fundamental to their work.
  3. Dengue: This disease is pronounced as Deng-ee(pronunciation of ‘gee’ as in geese). It is not Deng-goo. People all over the world mispronounce this word – after all it is not indigenous to most of us. But there have been so many cases in India recently (unfortunately) that this is good to know.
  4. Dessert: It is pronounced dizz-urt, (pronunciation of u as in sun). You would order dessert at a restaurant. It sounds different from desert (with one s) which is the pronounced dez-ert (as in Thar desert).
  5. Bowl: It is pronounced bol (rhyming with pole). Not asba-ool which sounds very funny (and in fact sounds too much like bowel).
  6. Truth: It is pronounced true-th and not tru-th (long ‘oo’ not short ‘u’). The same actually goes for the word tooth (it’s not tu-th)
  7. Epitome: The correct pronunciation is ep-i-tummy, instead of what people, and again this is people everywhere, usually end up saying, epi-tome (rhyming with Rome).
  8. Executive: Should be pronounced eggs-eck-uh-tiv, notexe-cute-tiv which is commonly heard. If you especially want to be a top executive at a major corporation – saying this word correctly would seem quite important.
  9. Develop: The correct pronunciation is dih-vel-up, and not as day-vuh-lupp. Extending that to
  10. Pizza: The correct pronunciation is peed-zuh, (peed pronounced as in weed). And not pi-za.
  11. Wednesday: wen’s day is the correct way of saying the name of this day (the D is usually silent).
  12. Opposite: Instead of uh-pose-it it should be pronouncedawp-uh-zit. The emphasis is on the first syllable ‘opp’. The same goes for the word ‘opportunity’ which is notup-port-unity but awp-urt-tune-ity
  13. Biology: Once again, the first syllable ‘bi’ gets emphasis. Where we usually say bio-logy, it is instead more proper to say bai-awe-lojy. Other ‘ology’ words are the same – geology is jee-awe-logy, cosmology is cos-maw-logy, even the made-up word fakeology or phekologyshould be pronounced phek-awe-logy, not pheko-logy.
  14. Monk: It should be pronounced munk (rhyme with drunk). It is often mispronounced mawnk (rhyme with donk from donkey).
  15. Genre: The correct pronunciation has a soft j, like the French say it. jon-ruh, (j is the sound as in vision). It is often mispronounced as jen-ner.
  16. Quote: The correct pronunciation is kwo-te. It is often pronounced as coat.
  17. Salon: It should be pronounced as sa-lawn, (sa as in apple, lon as in John) It is often pronounced as suh-loon which is incorrect.
  18. Police: The correct pronunciation is puh-leece. It is often mispronounced as pu-liss. Like Chulbul Pandey is a pu-liss wallah.
  19. Gauge: The correct pronunciation is gay-j. It is often mispronounced as gauj.
  20. Pronunciation : Ironically, the word ‘pronunciation’ itself is often mispronounced as pro-noun-ciation (the second syllable should be ‘nun‘ not noun).


Interestingly, I read somewhere the only English word understood and used universally across the world is ‘taxi’. I wonder where that came from… but now you know wherever in the world you end up you will always be able to get a taxi.

In the meanwhile if you want to hear any of the pronunciations of these words my favourite website to listen to them is www.howjsay.com, a free online dictionary for English pronunciations.

Source……….input from a friend of mine

Natarajan

Origins of currencies: from jagged edges to flowers……

A fistful of dollars

The dollar is one of the most common currencies in the world used by the US, Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand, and Singapore to name a few. The origin of the dollar, also the Slovenian tolar, is from a coin called the Joachimsthaler, shortened to Thaler (or daler in early Flemish or Low German), named after the valley in which the silver it was made from was mined, the Joachimsthal, literally ‘Joachim’s valley’. The term began to be used in other languages, especially Dutch, and was later applied to the most widely used coin in the American colonies. In 1792, it was adopted as the name of the US monetary unit.

All that glitters is not gold

Many countries use the dinar, which comes from the Latin denarius, an ancient Roman silver coin: Jordanian dinar, Algerian dinar, Serbian dinar, and Kuwaiti dinar among others. The Indian and Pakistani rupee derives from the Sanskrit rupya meaning ‘wrought silver’,which is also the origin of the Indonesian rupiah.

The South African rand is named after the Witwatersrand, the area  around Johannesburg known for its gold deposits, while Poland uses the zloty which means ‘golden’ in Polish. The Hungarian forint comes from the Italian fiorino, originally the name of a gold coin from Florence, Italy with a flower (Italian fiore) stamped on it. The British coin the florin (used until 1971) has the same origin.

Serrated edges on coins became popular when coins were made of precious metals like gold and silver because the ridges made it harder for people to scrape off metal and devalue the coins. The Malaysian ringgit is from the Malay for ‘jagged’ and refers to the serrated edges of the Spanish silver dollars used as currency in Malaysia before the ringgit was introduced.

Doing the rounds

Chinese yuan 元, Japanese yen 円, and Korean won 원, all originate from the Chinese character 圓 meaning ‘round’  or ‘round coin’. Although in English, we speak about the Hong Kong dollar or the New Taiwan dollar, in Chinese these are referred to as yuán 圓. Likewise, in Chinese, ‘dollar’ is translated as ‘yuan’, so the US dollar or měiyuán 美元 is literally ‘American yuan’ in Chinese.

Royal crown

Many Scandinavian countries use currency whose name is ultimately derived from the Latincorona meaning ‘crown’: Swedish krona, Norwegian krone, Danish krone, Icelandic krónaas well as the Estonian kroon (now replaced by the Euro) and the Czech koruna. The Spanish real, a former currency of Spain derived from the Latin regalis meaning ‘royal’ which is the origin of a number of Middle Eastern currencies such as the Omani and Iranianrial, and the Qatari, Saudi, and Yemeni riyal.

A weighty subject

Although the Germans and the Finns use the Euro now, their former currencies the Germanmark and the Finnish markka, both have their origin in units of weight. While the Spanishpeso meaning ‘weight’ in Spanish, is also no longer used in Spain, it lives on as the currency of Mexico, Argentina, the Philippines, Chile, Uruguay, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and Colombia. The Russian ruble or рубль, also used in Belarus, was originally a measure of weight used for silver. The British pound (or pound sterling) comes from the Latin pondus ‘weight’ (sterling probably originally from Middle English meaning ‘little star’ because there was a star on early Norman coins). The Italian and Turkish lira also have their origins in units of weight from the Latin libra meaning ‘pound’.

Source…..www.blog.oxforddictionaries.com

Natarajan